Washington, D.C. – In 2020 the Human Rights Campaign (HRC) recorded 44 known deaths of Transgender and gender-nonconforming people — which was greater than any year since the HRC first began tracking these rates in 2013 — but this year might break that record. With two months left in the year, violent murders of Transgender people are expected to reach an all-time high. The most recently reported HRC murder of a Transgender person was 39-year-old Rikkey Outumuro, who was shot in Centralia this past October. Outumuro is at least the 44th known violent killing of a Transgender or gender-nonconforming person in 2021.
Interpersonal violence makes up a large portion of fatalities against Transgender and gender-nonconforming people. During 2020, about 7 in 10 Transgender or gender-nonconforming people were killed by an acquaintance, friend, family member, or intimate partner. A 2015 survey found that 54% of Transgender and nonbinary respondents experienced intimate-partner violence during at least one point in their lives. Survivors of intimate-partner violence who are living with their abusers are frequently forced to leave home with few possessions. According to the HRC, 47% of Transgender people have been sexually assaulted, and one in eight Trans people have participated in sex work for income. Since 2013, 29% of known cases of fatal violence against Transgender people were perpetrated by intimate partners
The HRC estimates that Black Transgender women are five times more likely to experience a violent killing, in comparison to the general population. Disproportionate violence occurs against Transgender women of color, particularly due to the combination of anti-Trans stigma, sexism, and racism. According to the HRC, three out of four confirmed murders against Transgender people involved a gun, and about eight in ten murders of Black Transgender women involved a gun. Transgender Day of Remembrance falls on Nov. 20. (Seattle Gay News – Hannah Saunders at https://www.sgn.org/story.php?ch=national&sc=&id=310505
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