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Friday, November 10, 2017

Punishing Disease • Branding People with HIV as Criminals

Written by  Mark S. King
Trevor Hoppe dissects irrational fear & loathing around HIV Trevor Hoppe dissects irrational fear & loathing around HIV

Out of control anti-sex laws threaten everyone: Panel discussion, Nov. 15th, 7:30 pm at Red Emma’s

Sociologist Trevor Hoppe is a gay man with his finger on the pulse of gay sexual politics, a topic he has written about for years. In his latest buook, Punishing Disease, Hoppe tackles HIV criminalization, one of the most polarizing issues in the LGBT community.

HIV criminalization refers to the prosecution of people living with HIV, often using a rationale that runs counter to the facts about risk and transmission. It is most widely known for HIV non-disclosure statutes (which make it a crime for a person with HIV not to disclose their HIV positive status to sexual partners), but it also includes people who receive heightened charges or sentences for other crimes because they are HIV positive (a simply assault charge against a person with HIV, for instance, can be increased to attempted murder).

In Punishing Disease, author Hoppe examines the prosecution of people with HIV and why the legal system puts people in jail who have not harmed anyone (actual transmission does not need to occur for someone to be charged with a crime). In many cases, HIV positive people who used a condom or were undetectable are serving jail time for non-disclosure.

“I think the key thing for gay men to understand is that most people prosecuted under these laws do not resemble the boogie man in their heads,” Hoppe told Baltimore OUTLoud. “These are people who either used a condom or were on treatment or, in some cases like in Tennessee, spit on a police officer.”

In other words, the narrative of crazed HIV positive people roaming the countryside with the intent of infecting others is largely a myth. And it’s a storyline that a conservative justice system is willing to perpetuate, because they don’t believe gay men, much less people with HIV, should be having sex at all. Officials are more than willing to prosecute under these laws – or by using other charges where non-disclosure laws do not exist, such as murder, assault, and even bioterrorism.

Far too often, these convictions are the product of simple ignorance and fear, if not outright homophobia and racism.

“These prosecutions reflect a broader punitive attitude towards sex that Americans think is deviant,” said Hoppe. “That includes any sex that people living with HIV have with their partners. Most Americans can’t imagine having sex with someone who is living with HIV, and thus assume that anyone who does must not have been told of their status.”

Although Hoppe points out that most prosecutions have heterosexual defendants (and they are typically men and women of color), gay men are often arrested and sometimes play an active role in bringing up charges. It only takes one ex-boyfriend with an ax to grind to claim his former partner never disclosed his status to start a process that cannot be reversed once cooler heads prevail.

“Many gay men with HIV live in fear that their partners will prosecute them, even if they do disclose,” said Hoppe. “Ironically, I think this leads some people to choose not to disclose because they’re worried about that information getting out there and being used against them.”

As part of his book tour for Punishing Disease, Hoppe will appear at Red Emma’s on Wednesday, November 15th, at 7:30 pm. He will be joined by Tyrone Hanley of the National Center for Lesbian Rights and Vanessa Johnson of the Positive Women’s Network in a panel discussion led by HIV advocate and blogger Mark S. King. The event is free atnd open to the public.

Hoppe published another book earlier this year, The War on Sex, a collection of essays edited by Hoppe and David M. Halperin, which dissected how American law and culture have attacked the sexual proclivities of anyone behaving outside the norms set out by our famously uptight society. The War on Sex approaches its topic from a social justice point of view, investigating how the social and legal consequences of sex have become a weapon “of social control, adjudication, and, ultimately, oppression.”

Read more My Fabulous Disease at Marksking.com

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